"God is reconciling the whole world — or cosmos — through Christ" II
Ecology is the scientific study of communications between organisms and their
environment, such as the interactions organisms have with each other and with their abiotic
environment. It is an interdisciplinary field that includes biology and Earth science.
is also a human science as well, is composed of dynamically interacting parts including
life form, the communities they make up, and the non-living components of their environment.
The word "ecology" was coined in 1866 by the German scientist Ernst Haeckel (1834–1919).
Hippocrates and Aristotle, who were the ancient Greek philosophers, laid the foundations
of ecology in their studies on natural history. The transformation of the modern ecology
into a more rigorous science happened in the 19th century. Evolutionary concepts on
and natural selection have become the cornerstones of modern ecological theory. Ecology is
closely related to evolutionary biology, genetics, and ethology. An understanding of how
biodiversity affects ecological function is an important focus area in ecological
As stated above, Ecology is a human science as well. There are many practical
applications of ecology in conservation biology, wetland management, natural resource
management (agroecology, agriculture, forestry, agroforestry, fisheries), city planning
(urban ecology), community health, economics, basic and applied science, and human
social interaction (human ecology). Organisms and resources compose ecosystems which, in
turn, maintain biophysical feedback mechanisms that moderate processes acting on living
(biotic) and nonliving (abiotic) components of the planet. Ecosystems sustain
life-supporting functions and produce natural capital like biomass production (food,
fuel, fiber and medicine), the regulation of climate, global biogeochemical cycles,
water filtration, soil formation, erosion control, flood protection and many other
natural features of scientific, historical, economic, or intrinsic value.
Church of South India (CSI) is the only Church in India that has
the ecological concerns in the constitution itself. Our objective is to define the
Eco-Church fellowship and to play an active role in the spiritual-environmental
revolution and to encourage an eco-friendly life style. Christians, at least in part,
seem to be responsible for the present environmental crisis, primarily because of their
misunderstanding of the scripture. Jesus Christ, our saviour, guide, and mentor, tells
us to repent, love God and our neighbour. The concept of neighbour includes the whole
creation. Just as we meet Christ in our human neighbour, we meet Christ in every part of
creation. In all aspects of its life, the Eco-Church fellowship will strive to
re-establish the fundamental spiritual relationship of humanity with God, the Earth and
all its creatures. A basic tenet of its evangelism is found in II Corinthians 5:19 which
reads, “God is reconciling the whole world — or cosmos — through Christ.” We encourage
parishes to incorporate ecological concerns in their order of worship and include both
advocacy and direct action for social justice and the integrity of creation in mission
activities. We encourage the active participation of our fellow Christians, and all
people of good will through prayer, partnership, and involvement, which will help
humanity to return to an eco-friendly life style.